Identity stolen? Request an Identity Protection PIN from the IRS | Internal Revenue Service

IR-2022-78, April 11, 2022
WASHINGTON — The Internal Revenue Service today reminded all taxpayers – particularly those who are identity larceny victims – of an important step they should take to protect themselves from tax imposter .
Some identity thieves use taxpayers ‘ information to file deceitful tax returns. By requesting Identity Protection PINs from the Get an IP PIN tool on, taxpayers can prevent thieves from claiming tax refunds in their names .

Identity Protection PINs and how to get one

An IP PIN is a six-digit number the IRS put to an individual to help prevent the misapply of their Social Security numeral or Individual Taxpayer Identification Number ( ITIN ) on federal income tax returns. The IP PIN protects the taxpayer ‘s score, even if they ‘re no farseeing required to file a tax rejoinder, by rejecting any e-filed return without the taxpayer ‘s IP PIN

Taxpayers should request an IP pin :

  • If they want to protect their SSN or ITIN with the IRS,
  • If they want to protect their dependent’s SSN or ITIN with the IRS,
  • If they think their SSN, ITIN or personal information was exposed by theft or fraudulent acts or
  • If they suspect or confirm they’re a victim of identity theft.

Taxpayers can go to to complete a exhaustive authentication check. Once authentication is dispatch, an IP PIN will be provided on-line immediately. A new IP PIN is generated every year for add security. Once an individual is enrolled in the IP PIN platform, there ‘s no way to opt-out .
The IRS may automatically assign an IP PIN if the IRS determines the taxpayer ‘s a victim of tax-related identity larceny. The taxpayer will receive a notification confirming the tax-related ID larceny incidental along with an assign IP PIN for future tax-return filings .
Taxpayers will either receive a comment with their new IP PIN every class in early January for the following filing season or they must retrieve their IP PIN by going to .

Tax-related identity theft and how to handle it

Tax-related identity larceny occurs when person uses a taxpayer ‘s stolen SSN to file a tax render claiming a deceitful refund. In the huge majority of tax-related identity larceny cases, the IRS identifies a fishy tax return and pulls the leery render for review. The IRS then sends a letter to the taxpayer and wo n’t process the tax return until the taxpayer responds .
Depending on the situation, the taxpayer will receive one of three letters asking them to verify their identity :

  • Letter 5071C, asks them to use an online tool to verify their identity and tell the IRS if they filed the return in question.
  • Letter 4883C, asks the taxpayer to call the IRS to verify their identity and tell the IRS if they filed the return.
  • For those who have been a victim of a data breach, they may receive Letter 5747C and be asked to verify their identity in-person at a Taxpayer Assistance Center.

If the taxpayer receives any of these letters, they do n’t need to file an Identity Theft Affidavit ( Form 14039 ). rather, they should follow the instructions in the letter .

When to file an Identity Theft Affidavit

If a taxpayer has n’t heard from the IRS but suspects tax-related identity larceny, they should complete and submit a form 14039, Identity Theft Affidavit PDF. Signs of possible tax-related identity larceny include :

  • A taxpayer can’t e-file their tax return because a duplicate tax return was filed using their Social Security number. (Check that there’s no error in the SSN, such as transposed numbers.)
  • A taxpayer can’t e-file because a dependent’s Social Security number or ITIN was already used by someone on another return without the taxpayer’s knowledge or permission. (Also check that the SSN or ITIN is correct and be sure the dependent hasn’t filed a separate tax return.)
  • A taxpayer receives a tax transcript in the mail they did not request.
  • A taxpayer receives a notice from a tax preparation software company confirming an online account was created in their name, and they did not create one.
  • A taxpayer receives a notice from their tax preparation software company that their existing online account was accessed or disabled when they took no action.
  • A taxpayer receives an IRS notice informing them that they owe additional tax, or their refund was offset to a balance due, or that they have had collection actions taken against them for a year they did not earn any income or file a tax return.
  • The IRS sends a taxpayer a notice indicating that the taxpayer received wages or other income from an employer for whom they didn’t work.
  • The taxpayer was assigned an Employer Identification Number (EIN), but they did not request or apply for an EIN.

The IRS will work to verify the legitimate taxpayer, clear the deceitful return from the taxpayer ‘s bill and, broadly, place a especial marker on the account that will generate an IP PIN each year for the taxpayer who is a confirm victim .
For information about tax-related identity larceny, see Identity Protection : prevention, Detection and Victim Assistance and IRS Identity Theft Victim Assistance : How It Works on The Federal Trade Commission website besides includes information about tax-related identity larceny .

Signs of non-tax-related identity theft; no need to file form 14039

Non-tax-related identity larceny occurs when person uses stolen or lost personal identifiable information ( PII ) to open credit cards, obtain mortgages, buy a car or open other accounts without their victim ‘s cognition.

likely attest of non-tax-related identity larceny can include :

  • An individual receives balance due bills from companies with whom they didn’t conduct business, magazine subscriptions they didn’t order, notifications of a mortgage statement and/or credit cards for which they didn’t apply.
  • An individual receives notices of unemployment benefits for which they didn’t apply.
  • An individual receives a Notice CP 01E, Employment Identity Theft.
  • An individual receives a Form W-2 or 1099 from a corporation or employer from whom they did not receive the income reported and they have not received a notice or letter from the IRS questioning them about that income.
  • A taxpayer can’t e-file because a dependent’s SSN or ITIN was already used by someone who is known to the taxpayer but is not the parent or legal guardian, and the taxpayer did not provide permission for that person to claim the dependent. For additional information about this issue, see Publication 1819, Divorce and non-custodial, separated, or never married parents PDF.

Victims of non-tax-related identity larceny do n’t need to report these incidents to the IRS but should take steps to protect against the type of identity larceny they ‘ve experienced .

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