Complete Guide to Internet Speed 2022

HighSpeedOptions prides itself on providing honest, quality content. While we may be compensated when you make a purchase through links on our site, all opinions are our own. here ‘s how we make money. With dozens of features to choose from, it can be quite unmanageable to select an internet plan fit for your life style. That ’ s where our Complete Guide to Internet Speed comes in. Packed with everything you need to know about internet focal ratio, our easy-to-follow guidebook will help you understand your connection better and teach you how to make it work faster for you.

What is Internet Speed?

think of internet focal ratio like highway traffic : it all comes down to how a lot volume can travel at any given time before reaching a check point. similar to cars on a highway with a limited number of lanes, the measure of data transferred between your connect devices and the internet at a particular time is dependent on how much bandwidth you pay for. Unless you upgrade your internet plan to include more speed, you ’ rhenium limited to a certain threshold. If your internet accelerate is excessively dense, you might have trouble performing day by day activities like browsing the internet, bet on, streaming videos, or working remotely. If it ’ randomness besides fast, you could be overpaying for internet speed you don ’ t need. Internet providers advertise their network ’ south fastest possible speeds, so don ’ metric ton be surprised if your travel rapidly test varies slightly daily. Your internet experience chiefly depends on a variety show of factors outside your supplier ’ second control. The most common explanation is your joining type .

Connection Types

There are five basic types of internet connection to choose from : fiber, cable, DSL, satellite, and fixed-wireless .Internet Connection Type icons

Fiber Internet

The latest in internet technology, fiber internet uses light quite than electric signals to transfer data along fiber-optic field glass cables. It offers the fastest speeds, delivers the largest home coverage, and supports the most device connectivity among connection types. however, since it ’ s not as wide available as DSL and cable internet, it makes up only 1 in 5 internet subscribers countrywide .

  • Fastest download and upload speeds
  • Most reliable connection
  • Supports the most connected devices
  • High price tag
  • Limited availability in the U.S.
  • Slow overbuild process

Cable Internet

like to DSL, cable internet uses electric signals to establish an internet joining from a provider to a home. But, alternatively of passing that signal through copper phone lines, cable internet runs on the same coaxial cables as your television receiver service and is normally more reliable than DSL. Its flying speeds and handiness make it the leading internet connection today, with 3 in 5 ( 63 % ) current internet subscribers nationally .

  • 3x the availability than fiber
  • Supports heavy usage like gaming and streaming
  • High internet speeds
  • Slower speeds during peak hours
  • Limited availability in rural areas
  • Moderate to high prices

DSL Internet

A digital subscriber telephone line ( DSL ) is one of the most coarse connections in the United States due to its handiness. It uses preexistent copper earphone lines to transmit internet signals to your home. DSL internet is a measure up from dial-up service but is still known to cause abruptly spots, latency issues, and all-around slower speeds compared to cable and fiber .

  • Most affordable connection
  • 3x the availability than fiber
  • Faster than dial-up
  • Slow to Average speeds
  • Doesn’t support gaming or streaming well
  • Weak home coverage

Satellite Internet

Satellite internet is a wireless connection that utilizes satellite technology to transmit internet signals among 3 satellite dishes. One is set up at your supplier ’ second chief hub, one is set up on your property, and one is in space. This association type has the alone advantage of being available virtually anywhere, but it is subject to undependability due to bad weather or equipment .

  • Available virtually everywhere
  • Can overcome physical barriers
  • Faster than dial-up
  • Typically expensive
  • Data caps are common
  • Unreliability due to physical elements

Fixed-Wireless Internet

This type of connection uses cell towers to transmit internet signals over radio waves. It ’ sulfur most park in rural areas where hard-wired cable connections are unmanageable to lay, yet is limited by line of sight requirements due to the way it transmits a bespeak. Fixed-wireless internet is lone commend for households with minimal internet usage .

  • Delivers internet to underserved areas
  • Easy installation
  • Local customer service
  • Line of sight limitation
  • Slow speeds
  • Can be expensive

Difference Between Internet and WiFi

The terms “ internet ” and “ WiFi ” are frequently used interchangeably to describe having entree to the web. But make no err : internet and WiFi are two completely different things. They may interact together like cars on a highway, but you can very well have one without the other and hush access your front-runner sites. Internet refers to the overall infrastructure linking millions of computers together from around the world. It allows you to transfer data ( information ) between devices. WiFi on the other hand acts as the car that drives on said infrastructure. WiFi enables your devices to connect to the internet and receive data. You can learn more about the dispute between internet and WiFi to help better understand your connection and why you may be experiencing hapless service .

Bandwidth vs. Internet Speed

“ Bandwidth ” and “ internet accelerate ” are used interchangeably, but they actually represent two different traits of internet service. While internet rush refers to how fast datum is transferred between devices, bandwidth refers to the overall capacity of a particular network. Say your internet design advertises speed up to 50 Mbps. That 50 Mbps represents your bandwidth, or net ’ sulfur circus tent capacity. Your speed would only ever reach 50 Mbps if you were using your bandwidth at wide capacity. It ’ second significant to keep this in mind when selecting a plan and running travel rapidly tests on your connection as they are two different things .

Download vs. Upload Speeds

When you choose an internet plan, there are two different types of accelerate you pay for : download accelerate and upload speed . Download speed is how fast information ( datum ) travels from the internet to your get in touch device. For exemplar, you use download speeds when you stream a Disney+ movie or coil through your Twitter feed. Internet providers prioritize download over upload speeds, so download amphetamine is used first gear to advertise overhaul. Upload speed is how fast information ( datum ) travels from your connected device to the internet. Internet-based activities like uploading a photograph to Facebook or sharing a presentation to the cloud for cultivate ask upload accelerate. Since these types of bodily process are less common, providers normally don ’ t offer a identical high upload rush. Symmetrical speeds refer to internet plans that offer the same upload and download speeds. This typically costs more than traditional internet packages and is entirely available with fiber internet .

Data Usage

Data use is the measurement of how much datum is required to perform any given job on-line. Most internet providers enforce a certain datum limit per family to help regulate their network and debar congestion. however, some providers offer entree to outright data as a fringe benefit or for an extra cost. Your internet accelerate needs ultimately depend on your data custom. The FCC recommends a minimal of 25 Mbps for homes with more than one drug user, however, standard internet packages now start at speeds up to 50 Mbps. While it ’ s hard to calculate future usage, here are estimates on data required for different internet-based activities to give you an theme of what speed you need :

General Usage:

Activity Data Per Hour Required Speed
Basic Web Browsing 20 MB 1 Mbps
Email 50 MB 1 Mbps
Social Media 150 MB 1 Mbps
Music Streaming 150 MB 0.5 Mbps
Activity Basic Web Browsing
Data Per Hour 20 MB
Required Speed 1 Mbps
Activity Email
Data Per Hour 50 MB
Required Speed 1 Mbps
Activity Social Media
Data Per Hour 150 MB
Required Speed 1 Mbps
Activity Music Streaming
Data Per Hour 150 MB
Required Speed 0.5 Mbps

Working:

Activity Data Per Hour Required Speed
Telecommutin deoxyguanosine monophosphate 1 GB 25 Mbps
Online Classes 1 GB 25 Mbps
File Downloading 2-5 MB 10 Mbps
Activity Telecommutin g
Data Per Hour 1 GB
Required Speed 25 Mbps
Activity Online Classes
Data Per Hour 1 GB
Required Speed 25 Mbps
Activity File Downloading
Data Per Hour 2-5 MB
Required Speed 10 Mbps

Watching Videos:

Activity Data Per Hour Required Speed
SD Video Streaming 1 GB 4 Mbps
HD Video Streaming 3 GB 8 Mbps
Ultra HD 4K Video Streaming 7 GB 25 Mbps
Activity SD Video Streaming
Data Per Hour 1 GB
Required Speed 4 Mbps
Activity HD Video Streaming
Data Per Hour 3 GB
Required Speed 8 Mbps
Activity Ultra HD 4K Video Streaming
Data Per Hour 7 GB
Required Speed 25 Mbps

Gaming:

Activity Data Per Hour Required Speed
Gaming – Single Player 40 MB 3 Mbps
Gaming – Multi-Player 60 MB 4 Mbps
Activity Gaming – Single Player
Data Per Hour 40 MB
Required Speed 3 Mbps
Activity Gaming – Multi-Player
Data Per Hour 60 MB
Required Speed 4 Mbps

Video Conferencing:

Activity Data Per Hour Required Speed
SD Video Calls 200 MB 1 Mbps
HD Video Calls 350 MB 2 Mbps
HD Video Conferences 1 GB 6 Mbps

*Data sourced from FCC.com on 8/4/21.

Activity SD Video Calls
Data Per Hour 200 MB
Required Speed 1 Mbps
Activity HD Video Calls
Data Per Hour 350 MB
Required Speed 2 Mbps
Activity HD Video Conferences
Data Per Hour 1 GB
Required Speed 6 Mbps

*Data sourced from FCC.com on 8/4/21.

Latency

rotational latency is the clock it takes for data to transfer from one computer to your network and second again. Oftentimes, reaction time is used interchangeably with terms such as ping, ping time, and imprison, but they all mean unlike things .

  • Latency is the time it takes for a signal ( aka data ) to travel from your device to your network and binding again .
  • Ping refers to a test mail from your computer to test rotational latency ( the joining between your devices and the network ) .
  • Ping time is the measure of latency, its unit represented in milliseconds .
  • Lag is our experience of latency. The longer time it takes to establish a association between devices, the greater the interim. This comes in the imprint of buffer .

Keep in mind the performance of different internet connections when selecting an internet supplier for your base. Find out what internet speeds fit your life style and compare options near you before making your final examination decision .

Internet Speed Test

Since your internet-based activities require a certain measure of accelerate to work well, we recommend testing your internet connection regularly to see how it performs over time. An internet speed test should tell you your download vs. upload speeds, ping time, and IP address. Take a rush test to gauge your internet performance. Internet service providers always advertise their network ’ south fastest speeds, but you should at least be 50 Mbps to 100 Mbps within range of that crown rush you ’ re paying for. If your speeds are significantly slower than advertised, your speed test could be used to negotiate a better price or complimentary overhaul upgrade .

Reasons for Slow Internet

contrary to popular belief, your internet serve supplier generally international relations and security network ’ t the campaign for most poor internet experiences. More times than not, your slow internet connection is probable due to one of these issues that ’ s reasonably easy to fix. *Disclosure: Some of the links below are affiliate links, meaning, at no additional cost to you, HighSpeedOptions will earn a commission if you click and make a purchase.

Equipment Location

The # 1 rationality for behind internet is equipment location. If your router and/or modem is behind your entertainment system or on the first shock of a multi-story home, you might consider relocating them to a better placement. alike to a lamp, both routers and modems need space of their own to perform at their maximal effectiveness. Things like big furniture or a home layout with midst walls can obstruct the path of your WiFi bespeak, causing reaction time and abruptly blemish issues throughout your home. The best localization for your internet equipment is aside from early chords or bombastic furniture, off the floor, and on your highest degree of your home to allow for placid sign infection .

Open Network

If you ’ ra running low on bandwidth, it might be because you have an open net. An open network is a network that anyone within signal range can access. This is bad for two reasons : 1 ) the more devices connected to your network, the less bandwidth available, and 2 ) your network is left vulnerable to cyber attacks and malware. Both lead to slow internet speed. The quickest solution for this is to create a WiFi password. then, you can limit the number of devices accessing your personal network, which in twist conserves the bandwidth you pay for. We recommend using a complex series of 8+ upper and lowercase letters, symbols, and numbers for this password and encourage you to update it at least once every 3-6 months .

Rarely Restart Your Router

Like our bodies, electronics need regular breaks to function at full capacity. If you ’ re experiencing a boring connection, it may be your devices signaling to you that they need to rest. We recommend restarting your modem and router at least once a month to help troubleshoot any internet issues you may have. You can easily do this by setting a admonisher on your call or using an release timer to automatically reset plugged-in devices located at particular outlets .

Too Many Connected Devices 

All devices on a single network – no matter if they ’ re wired or wireless – share a finite sum of bandwidth. Your wireless local area network router determines which devices need bandwidth and which devices use up the most, pulling randomly from each to ensure all devices have some imprint of joining. so, as you connect more devices to your network, you run the risk of overloading your net. This leads to latency issues and a poor drug user experience. To avoid this, make it a habit to disconnect devices throughout your house that are not presently being used. You can often see immediate results after decreasing your machine-accessible device count .

Not Enough Bandwidth

If disconnect devices isn ’ thymine making a deviation or international relations and security network ’ t an option with your life style, it may be clock to upgrade your internet plan to include faster travel rapidly. People much equate this to a supplier ’ south poor servicing. however, different internet activities require different amounts of bandwidth, and no topic what you do, there ’ second always a limit depending on what you pay for. If this sounds like you, you may consider upgrading your internet design to include higher internet speeds to fit your life style. Make sure to factor in things like your family head count, the numeral of devices typically connected, and how much the internet gets used when deciding which plan is right for you .

How to Speed Up Your Connection

WiFi extender graphic In addition to the flying solutions above, hera are a few tips for boosting your internet connection .

  • Upgrade your internet equipment. Internet providers often supply their own equipment to access their military service, but sometimes upgrade to high-quality products of your own can deliver better internet speeds .
  • Invest in WiFi extenders. strategically placed in areas of your home far from your router, WiFi extenders can extend your WiFi coverage to solve dead spot or buffer issues .
  • Clear your browsing history. Make it a habit to delete your browser data at least once a calendar month to make certain you ’ re not maxing out your bandwidth unnecessarily .
  • Trade in old devices. Older devices typically can not support faster networks, causing latency issues or no connectivity at all. Consider trading them in for shop recognition and upgrading to a newly model .
  • Upgrade your internet service. When all else fails, it may be meter to listen to your life style needs. Upgrading your internet plan to include a larger bandwidth will ultimately deliver the fastest speeds .

Internet Equipment

If you manage your internet connection at home, it ’ s estimable to have a general estimate of how each firearm of internet equipment works .

Modem

You can think of a modem as the gateway between your personal network and the open internet. It helps translate data and secure a connection between the two. Modems come either on their own or combined with your router in one device for an easier install. Either way, your modem needs to be hard-wired into your home for direct access to the internet .

Router

exchangeable to a modem, a radio router helps secure a connection to the internet. however, rather than relaying information to your home plate network, your router works as a switchboard that manages the association between your devices and the internet .

Ethernet Cord

An ethernet cord is a net cable used to hard-wire your modem for access to the internet. It helps establish a more authentic and secure connection than WiFi, but it ’ s not as popular because it requires a person to be tethered to one sphere of the home .

Internet Speed Glossary

Internet demographic statistics graphic We very tried gloss over this one, but it never hurts to go back to the basics. To help you understand internet focal ratio and how it all works, we ’ ve pulled together a glossary of the diligence ’ s most use terms for you to have on bridge player .

  • Bandwidth – This refers to the capacity of a particular internet connection, or in other words the fastest travel rapidly available at a given time to your network .
 
  • Broadband – Internet connection is transmitted over many different frequencies, referred to as roughage, DSL, cable television, and satellite. broadband is used to describe any and all of this broad range of frequencies ( bands ) .
 
  • Bit – Internet accelerate is measured in bits per second ( bits per second ). Relayed in zero and ones, a morsel is the smallest unit of calculator information and is the most common way ISPs refer to speeds in their internet plans .
 
  • Byte – 1 byte equals 8 bits. Bytes is used to refer to how much memory is being transferred while using the internet, and occasionally used in advertise internet plans .
 
  • Data Allowance – This is an distribute come of data per calendar month you ’ re able to use for your connected devices. Some internet providers use data allowances to regulate their networks and avoid congestion, however, other providers offer access to unlimited data .
 
  • Download Speed – This is the measurement of how fast you can receive data from the internet to your connected device. Internet-based activities like streaming movies or scrolling through sociable media require download speeds to work properly .
 
  • Internet – The internet is a massive network infrastructure connecting millions of computers around the world that allows for the transfer of data ( information ) .
 
  • Latency – Latency is the measurement of time it takes for data to transfer to its finish and second .
 
  • Mbps – “ Megabits per second ” is how we gauge internet rush most of the time. This represents the bandwidth – or capacity – of an individual internet connection .
 
  • MB (MBps) – “ Megabytes per second ” refers to a file size in relation to how much data can be transferred each moment .
 
  • Modem – A modem is considered the gateway between your personal network and the earth internet. This is hard wired into your home for direct access .
 
  • Ping – A ping is a quiz to confirm a connection to a network server. This test sends a datum packet to the server to see if it comes back. If it does, a connection is active voice .
 
  • Ping time – This measures how fasts a data package travels to a server for testing and back. When it takes more than a few seconds, you will probable experience jitter in your connection .
 
  • Router – A router is a device that communicates with your modem and acts as a switchboard for all the diverse devices connected to your network. today, it ’ mho coarse to rent or buy a router/modem jazz band .
 
  • Upload Speed – This is a measure of how fast you can send data from your connected device to the internet. Internet-based activities like posting photos to your Facebook or uploading a file to the cloud require upload speeds to work .
 
  • WiFi – A catchy phrase created to normalize the conception, wireless local area network refers to the connection we make from our devices to open networks using radio waves alternatively of hard lines .

Recap

Breaking down the basics, this Complete Guide to Understanding Your Internet Speed ultimately aim to improve any internet connection issues you may experience.

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