How to invest in oil | The best methods and the risks – Finder UK

Investing in oil can be a hazardous investing opportunity, specially when the prices are falling. oil suffers from quite a draw of price volatility, partially due to supply and demand, a well as the risk of petroleum spills. In 2010 BP saw a decline of over 55 % to its store in the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon petroleum spill. For those who are will to take the risks, there is the electric potential to grab discount commodities, like oil, that are still good prize – and will ideally rise. There are four independent options for investing in oil : petroleum company stocks, oil ETFs, vegetable oil futures and MLPs. We ’ ve detailed some of the important factors to consider, the risks and what the world ’ second biggest oil companies are .

Ways to invest in oil

Like all commodities, there are respective unlike ways that you can invest in anoint, but these are suited to different types of investors. For example, options and futures aren ’ thyroxine desirable for founder investors, who might prefer to invest in exchange-traded funds ( ETFs ) .

1. Invest in oil company stocks

A elementary way to invest in oil is through stocks of vegetable oil companies such as ExxonMobil ( XOM ) or Chevron ( CHV ). broadly speaking, as the cost of vegetable oil changes, thus will the value of these companies – although this international relations and security network ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate guarantee and depends on lots of factors. Developing an agreement of the energy cycle, the landscape in the diligence and the affect of price fluctuations will help you determine valuable oil-related assets.

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Exxon Mobil

Exxon Mobil is an american english oil and gas company. It ’ s a component of the S & P500 and the S & P100 and is one of the world ’ s largest companies by tax income and one of the largest publicly traded companies by commercialize capitalization. Exxon Mobil produces around 3.9 million barrels of oil equivalent every day. It has 37 oil refineries in 21 countries. Compare brokers to buy Exxon Mobil sharesImage logo


Chevron Corporation is an american department of energy corporation. It ’ s a successor party of Standard Oil and is now one of the largest companies in the world, making it into the S & P500 and the S & P100. Compare brokers to buy Chevron sharesImage logo


BP is a british anoint and accelerator company. It ’ randomness one of the universe ’ s 7 oil and has “ supermajors ”, which are the largest companies of their character. BP deals with exploration, extraction, complicate, distribution, commercialize, power generation and trading.It operates in 80 countries and produces around 3.7 million barrels of oil equivalent every day. Compare brokers to buy BP shares

Pros and cons of investing in oil company stocks


  • You can pick and choose a range of stocks and cash out when you want.
  • A simple, accessible and versatile way to access the market.


  • Due to the large businesses also being involved in things such as refining, which actually would not benefit from higher oil prices, oil company stocks don’t necessarily move lock-step with the price of the commodity.

Compare brokers to buy petroleum shares

2. Invest in oil ETFs

Exchange-traded funds ( ETFs ) are another option worth considering. ETFs provide access to a whole load of assets, without having to put all of your money into individual firms. The procedure is reasonably much the same as buying stocks, but rather, you ’ ra buy an anoint “ ETF ”, which typically tracks the performance of anoint stocks. Purchasing commodity-based oil ETFs is a lineal method acting of owning vegetable oil. exchange traded fund can be purchased and sold in a manner alike to stocks. They allow investors to reduce the risks they take on, while taking advantage of the performance and general popularity of a particular sector. Oil ETF investors can avoid the risk of exposure to one stocks that fluctuate based on anoint prices. There are loads of oil-based ETFs to select from, covering a whole host of different companies within the diligence. Oil ETFs can be a good choice for those who are new to investing, angstrom well as those looking to secure their portfolio .


  • ETFs allow for instant diversification across the whole oil industry, at a low price.
  • ETFs have a better track record with providing safe, more reliable growth.


  • By placing your money in an ETF, you relinquish some control over the split of assets.

Compare brokers to buy anoint ETFs

3. Invest in oil futures

This is the most direct manner to purchase the commodity without literally purchasing barrels of vegetable oil. Futures are purchased through a commodities broker. You are buying a abridge to purchase vegetable oil at a future date at a stipulate price. Futures are extremely fickle and riskier than other investing options. You have to be correctly on the time and price movement. For exemplar, the monetary value of US anoint futures dropped to negative $ 40 in April 2020 as a leave of a market saturation due to the coronavirus pandemic .


  • Oil futures are the most actively traded future on the market and hence the most liquid.


  • All futures are volatile investments and oil is no exception. No one can predict with any degree of certainty how the price of oil will fluctuate.
  • Futures expire on a certain date. If you fail to exercise them prior to expiry they become worthless.

Compare brokers to buy vegetable oil futures

4. Invest in MLPs

primarily existing in the boast and oil industry, A Master Limited Partnership ( MLP ) is a tax-advantaged corporate structure. It combines the tax benefits of a partnership – profits are taxed only when investors actually receive distributions – with the fluidity of a public company. typically, these companies own pipelines that carry the commodity from one place to another. Risks to MLPs could come from a slowdown in department of energy demand, environmental hazards, commodity monetary value fluctuations, and tax police reform .


  • Companies can offer a very attractive dividend payment.
  • MLPs can easily be purchased through financial advisers or online brokers.


  • MLPs are subject to general market risk and low energy demand.
  • Stock prices don’t necessarily move lock-step with the price of oil.

What has happened to the price of oil?

If you want to invest in oil, it’s worth knowing what’s happened to its price in the past and the reasons why. This isn’t an indication of future movements, but it does give insight into what affects the price of oil. If you want to invest in oil, it ’ randomness worth knowing what ’ sulfur happened to its price in the past and the reasons why. This international relations and security network ’ triiodothyronine an reading of future movements, but it does give penetration into what affects the price of oil. stock markets were fickle in 2020, and therefore was the oil market. Following the impact of coronavirus, a further stock commercialize meltdown took place on Monday 9 March, triggered by a quarrel between major oil exporters Russia and Saudi Arabia over oil production levels. russia had turned down an crack by oil exporting group Opec to cut issue to cope with dropping requirement. In reply, Saudi Arabia said it would pump more oil ( and in so doing cut prices farther ). This exchange sparked fears of a price war. On Monday 20 April, the price of oil temporarily entered minus territory in the US due to expiring oil futures contracts, triggering another sprout marketplace decline. This was the first time in history that the price of petroleum went negative .

What are the risks of investing in oil?

While long-run investments in oil companies can be highly profitable, investors should understand the gamble factors before making investments in the sector. These risks include :

  • Price volatility: Large price fluctuations can occur daily due to unpredictable influences such as supply and demand.
  • Dividend cuts: If a company is unable to earn enough revenue to fund payments to investors, dividends can be cut.
  • Oil spill risk: Accidents such as oil spills can cause a company’s share price to drop significantly. In 2010 BP saw a decline of over 55% to its stock in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Big Oil: The biggest oil companies you can buy stocks in

  • Royal Dutch Shell. A British-Dutch oil and gas company
  • BP. A multinational oil and gas company
  • Exxon Mobil. An American oil and gas corporation
  • Total S.A. A French oil and gas company
  • Chevron Corporation. An energy corporation based in California, USA
  • ConocoPhillips. A multinational energy corporation in the US
  • Eni S.p.A. An Italian oil and gas company

Compare these providers to invest in oil

table : sorted by promote deals first All invest should be regarded as longer term. The rate of your investments can go up and down, and you may get binding less than you invest. past performance is no guarantee of future results. If you ’ rhenium not indisputable which investments are right for you, please seek out a fiscal adviser. capital at risk .

Bottom line

oil is a reasonably fickle commodity – it ’ s a wholly different wavelength to standard stocks and shares. The price of vegetable oil is dependant on the supply and requirement of the commodity, which is to say, how much of it is available and how much people actually want. When there ’ s more than enough oil to go around, oil companies have to make their oil more competitively priced and the price goes down, when there ’ s not enough of it for all the people that want petroleum, the price rises. There are singular risks involved in investing in oil that you should make certain you are aware of before you invest .

Frequently asked questions

  • This price is constantly changing but you can check the current price in the graph above .

  • Yes. As with any investment, there are fiscal risks involved .

  • Yes. however, having a limit portfolio lacking in diversity can increase your risk .

  • The United States Oil Fund is an exchange-traded commodity product ( ETP ) offered by United States Commodity Funds, a US company specialising in managing exchange-traded commodity funds ( ETFs ) .

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