How to Invest in Gold | The Motley Fool

There are a multitude of ways to invest in gold. You can buy physical aureate in the form of jewelry, bullion, and coins ; buy shares of a amber mining company or other gold-related investment ; or purchase something that derives its value from gold. Each method has its benefits and drawbacks. That can make it daunting for beginning investors to know the best room to gain exposure to this cute metal. This steer will help you start investing money in the gold market. We ‘ll explore all the ways you can invest in aureate and discuss their pros and cons so you can learn more about how to invest in gold .Part of a person is shown, by water, having successfully panned for gold.
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Ways to invest in gold

The following table shows the many ways you can invest in gold :

Gold Investing Method




Gold jewelry

Jewelry like rings, necklaces, and bracelets made with gold.

-Easy to acquire
-Has value to the acquirer

-High markups
-Questionable resale value

Gold bullion

Gold formed into bars or ingots.

-Direct exposure to the price of gold
-Tangible ownership

-High costs for storage and insurance
-No upside beyond gold price changes
-Fairly illiquid

Gold coins

Coins made from gold.

-Direct exposure to the price of gold
-Tangible ownership

-High markups
-No upside beyond gold price changes
-Cost of storage
-Fairly illiquid

Gold stocks

Equity ownership in a publicly traded gold mining, streaming, or royalty company.

-Upside to the price of gold from production growth
-Potential to earn dividend income

-Risk of underperforming the price of gold
-Exposure to other commodities

Gold certificates

Proves ownership of a specific amount of gold.

-Direct exposure to the price of gold
-No need to own physical gold

-Only as good as the company that backs them
-Only a few companies issue them
-Largely illiquid

Gold ETFs and mutual funds

Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and mutual funds that own physical gold bullion or shares of gold mining stocks.

-Highly liquid
-Diversified exposure
-Upside potential

-Management fees
-Risks underperforming the price of gold

Gold futures and options

Derivative contracts that provide exposure to the price of gold.

-Direct exposure to the price of gold
-No need to own physical gold

-Highly risky
-Potentially costly to roll contracts forward

Table by author. here ‘s a close look at these aureate investment methods .

Gold jewelry

Buying gold jewelry is an indirect means to invest in gold. however, jewelry tends to hold more respect for the wearer than an investment ascribable to the markup of turning the precious metallic element into jewelry and then selling it in the retail commercialize. expensive amber jewelry may retain its value, although that ‘s much more due to its rate as a collector ‘s item than its aureate contentedness. Another downside to jewelry as a gold investment is the cost of storage and policy. It ‘s besides not a fluent investment since you ca n’t easily sell it at commercialize value .

Gold bullion

bullion is pure gold ( 99.5 % to 99.9 % ) formed into bars or ingots, typically orthogonal shapes that allow for easier storage. central banks often keep gold bullion as a substitute asset, storing it in vaults. Gold bullion gives investors direct vulnerability to the price of gold. however, it ‘s expensive. With the price of gold around $ 2,000 per snow leopard in early 2022, a bar would be prohibitively expensive ; an ingot would besides cost a draw, depending on its size. In addition to the price of purchasing a aureate barroom or ingot, an investor would besides need to pay for memory and policy on their gold investment. Gold bullion besides is n’t a very liquid investment .

Gold coins

gold coins have a long history as a currentness. While they are n’t legal tender anymore, gold coins still hold value to investors as a shop of value. There are costs associated with buy, store, and insuring gold coins, which can affect their performance. meanwhile, they are n’t very liquid since you ‘d need to find a collector or early buyer volition to purchase the coins from you .

Gold stocks

gold stocks include companies focused on exploring and mining for gold. They besides include aureate stream companies and royalty companies. gold miners provide investors with the most top potential. They can make investments to expand their production ( e.g., develop new mines, expand existing ones, and acquire another gold miner ) that can enable them to outperform the monetary value of aureate. They can besides pay a dividend, providing investors with a gold-driven income stream. gold stocks are highly fluent since investors can easily buy and sell them in a brokerage account. however, there are risks associated with amber miners. Cost overruns, mismanagement, and excessive debt can cause a amber mine stock to underperform the price of gold. In accession, many mine early materials, including valued metals such as eloquent or early metals such as copper. Although the diversification reduces risk, it potentially dilutes the impingement of rising gold prices. meanwhile, aureate streaming and royalty companies provide das kapital to amber miners to develop and expand mines. They either receive the right to purchase gold at a fix price ( streamers ) or a parcel of the gold gross ( royalties ), reducing their hazard compared to gold mining stocks.

Related topics

Gold certificates

gold certificates are notes issued by a company that prove possession of the express amount of amber. once issued by the U.S. politics as a currency equivalent, some banks and investment companies hush issue aureate certificates that give the holder possession of a fortune of their aureate holdings. Gold certificates give investors direct exposure to the price of gold. however, they ‘re only a dependable as the underlying company issuing the security. If the caller goes bankrupt, the gold certificate can become worthless .

Gold ETFs and mutual funds

Gold ETFs concenter on owning physical gold or shares of gold mining companies, creating different risk profiles. An ETF focused on owning physical amber bars offers investors direct exposure to the price of gold. They tend to match the price apparent motion of gold relatively well. however, ETFs come at a monetary value in the form of an ETF expense proportion. The price can be worth it, though, since aureate ETFs are frequently the easiest way to invest in gold. They ‘re besides highly fluid. Gold stock ETFs and reciprocal funds typically own shares of respective aureate miners. The diversification gives investors broad exposure to the gold mine segment, which helps reduce gamble. Gold stock ETFs and common funds provide investors with top beyond the price of gold. however, the downside of gold mine ETFs and common funds is that they by and large underperform the price of gold .

Gold futures and options

A futures narrow gives the holder the right to buy a specific sum of gold at a future date and price. Options contracts besides enable the holder to buy or sell shares of a aureate ETF or gold mine stock at a specific price and date. The contracts move with the implicit in price of amber or the shares of the gold-related equity, giving the investor exposure to gold without owning the fundamental investment. One downside to gold futures and options contracts is leverage. Investors do n’t need to put the entire value down at purchase. The leverage can increase an investor ‘s gains but besides can cause losses, particularly if the holder does n’t have enough capital to satisfy the purchase. insufficient capital can force investors to sell at a passing rather of purchasing to hold for a electric potential future recovery .

The bottom line on investing in gold

There are many ways to invest in gold, and each has its pros and cons. While investors should weigh each option to determine the best method for their circumstances and gamble visibility, amber price ETFs and gold pour and royalty companies tend to be ideal options for beginning amber investors. They offer lower downside risk compared to other options. They besides tend to match the price performance of gold ( or beat it, in the shell of streaming and royalty companies ). That helps investors seeking gold ‘s base hit and inflation protection to benefit from a gold investment with more liquid than a physical gold investment .


How is the price of gold determined ?
many factors affect the price of gold. These include demand for the metallic in making jewelry, for some technology applications, and for investment purposes. other factors, such as the come of gold in central bank reserves, the value of the U.S. dollar, and the desire by investors to hold amber as a hedge against inflation or currency devaluation, avail to drive its price .
When should you buy gold ?
many investors see amber as a good hedge against rising prices and a store of value. It has besides historically been a strong hedge during times of fiscal crisis. The best times to buy gold are when concerns about inflation or economic crisis are beginning to surface since gold tends to rise during those periods.

How much should you invest in aureate ?
There ‘s a bunch of argue about how a lot aureate an investor should have in their portfolio. many investors do n’t hold any gold, while others will make it a significant share of their portfolio. however, as partially of a diversify portfolio, a cosmopolitan rule would be to limit gold ‘s share of your portfolio to 5 % to 10 % of the total account value .
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