How Do Million Dollar Business Loans Differ From Smaller Business Loans?
Before we dive into how to get a $1 million business loan, $2 million business loan, or more, let’s look at how such a large loan compares to a smaller one, besides the amount you’re borrowing.Because of the risk and the capital outlay, you will typically only find $1 million or more loans from banks, credit unions, and SBA lenders. Online and alternative lenders tend to focus on smaller loans and may not be able to help if you want to borrow a million or more.Also, because there is inherently more risk in lending millions to a borrower, banks may require larger-value collateral or a substantial down payment on a million-dollar loan, whereas smaller loans may or may not require either collateral or a down payment.Larger loans for little businesses can also be more difficult to qualify for than smaller loans. Generally, the more you want to borrow, the more assurance lenders want that you will pay back the loan. To that end, they may have higher criteria regarding credit score, time in business, and annual revenues.
Criteria for Million Dollar Business Loans
As far as how to qualify for a million dollar loan, requirements will depend on the lender, as well as the type of commercial enterprise loanword
. Here are some of the key factors that lenders look at.
When you’re applying for a million dollar loan, a lender may look at both your personal and your business credit score
Credit scoring firms calculate business credit scores based on a company’s credit obligations and repayment histories with lenders and suppliers, as well as any legal filings (such as tax liens or bankruptcies). Instead of ranging from 300 to 850, business credit scores typically range from 1 to 100, as follows:80-100: Good50-79: Fair0-49: BadFor million dollar loans, your business will most likely need a “good” credit score. If you don’t yet have business credit scores, you can work on building them by opening a business bank account, taking out business credit cards, and getting smaller business loans and repaying them on time. This may help you qualify for larger loans later.
If you don’t have a business credit history, lenders will likely look closely at your personal credit scores. For a $1 million business loan or more, you generally need a personal FICO credit score of 650 or higher.If you run a sole proprietorship or partnership, or if you personally guarantee a business loan, you may want to keep in mind that taking out a clientele loanword can affect your personal recognition
. It could, for example, increase your debt-to-income ratio, which, in turn, could make it more challenging for you to take out a mortgage or personal loan.
Time in Business
Business loans under 1 million dollars typically require you to have been in business for at least two years (sometimes less in the case of some online lenders). However, for $1 million, $2 million, $3 million dollar business loans, or more, that requirement can increase to at least three years. The longer your business history, the better you can demonstrate to lenders how financially responsible you are, which makes you less of a risk as a borrower.
Another way lenders mitigate risk in giving you a $1 or $2 million business loan is to require collateral against the loan.For example, the Small Business Administration (SBA) requires collateral for its 7(a) program for loans between $350,000 and $5 million. The fixed assets (e.g., buildings, equipment, land) put up as collateral need to meet the full value of the loan, otherwise the lender may include trading assets (at 10% of current book value) and available equity in personal real estate as additional collateral.
A lender may not be highly concerned about what you’ll spend a $10,000 loan on. But, when they are giving you a 1 million-plus dollar amount, they will generally want a sense of how you will spend that money. As a result, you will likely need to present a detailed plan outlining how you’ll spend the loan proceeds and how the investment will lead to increased profits, along with a detailed budget for your plan.Creating a plan and budget doesn’t only benefit the lender. It can be helpful to you, too. This is a good exercise to go through even before you start applying for a loan, since it will help you think through why you want the loan, as well as exactly how much you will need to borrow.
Lenders may ask for financial statements, such as bank statements going back four months, balance sheets, profit and loss statements, as well as tax returns going back several years. All of these give them a better sense of how financially stable your company is.If you’re not accustomed to reviewing these statements, you may want to spend some time getting to know them before applying for a loan. How will a potential lender view your company’s financial well-being? Do you meet the qualifications for the loan you’re looking at? For example, an SBA CDC/504 loan requires a borrower’s net worth not exceed $15 million and their average net income not exceed 5 million after taxes for the past two years. You may want to ask an accountant to review your financial documents and provide input too.
You may also be asked for certain business documents, such as your articles of incorporation if you run a corporation, or your articles of organization if your business is an LLC. In addition you may need to submit business licenses and permits, disclosure of other debt, any other legal contracts and agreements.
Pros and Cons of Million Dollar Business Loans
Before we dive into how to get a million dollar business loan, let’s first weigh the benefits and drawbacks to borrowing such a large amount of money.
With a million dollars or more, there’s a lot you can do in your business. You might be able to acquire another company, purchase real estate, buy high-dollar equipment, and expand your company significantly faster than you could on your own.Often, the larger the loan (and the longer the repayment period), the lower the interest rate you can get, assuming your credit is outstanding.
While having access to a large amount of capital can help you do more, that money has to be repaid. And, if your investment isn’t yet reaping financial reward, paying back that loan may be a challenge. If you should run into difficulty making monthly payments, you could default on the loan and risk losing your collateral.Even with a low interest rate, you’re still paying a percent of what you borrowed, which is a lot. The more you borrow and the longer you take to repay the loan, the more you’ll spend in total interest.
Finding Million Dollar Business Loans
There are a few resources where you can find large loans of a million or more for small businesses. Each lender may have slightly different criteria as to who can qualify for a business loan of $1 million, $2 million, or $3 million or more.
The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) guarantees SBA loans which are offered by banks it partners with to help serve small businesses. SBA loans go as high as $5 million and have capped interest rates, which keeps them affordable for small businesses. They also have long repayment terms (up to 25 years), which also helps keep payments low. Fees, which include the SBA Guaranty Fee (ranging from 2% to 3.75% of your loan’s guaranteed amount) also tend to be lower than other lenders. However, the application and approval process for an SBA loan can take several months, and businesses must meet strict eligibility requirements from both the lender and the SBA. To qualify for an SBA loan, you typically need to have been in business for at least four years, have an annual revenue over $180,000, and a credit score of at least 680.
Many banks offer higher-dollar loans, such as $1 to $5 million business loans, though they typically have strict requirements to qualify. A bank loan is typically best for a business that has been in operation for many years with a track record of positive financials. Banks will also require a good business credit score, as well as a strong personal credit score from the individual who’s representing the business. Businesses also typically need to have low debt-to-net-worth ratios to qualify for a large bank loan.
If you are a member of a credit union that offers business financing services, you may want to reach out and see if they can meet your larger loan needs. Like banks, credit unions typically offer larger loans at attractive interest rates for qualified borrowers.
Applying for Million Dollar Business Loans
Getting approved for a million dollar or more loan generally requires jumping through a few more hoops than getting a smaller loan. The process of applying for business loans varies slightly from one lender to another. Generally, however, you will need to gather a fair amount of documentation in order to complete the application. This may include:
- Business bank account statements
- Tax returns and supporting IRS documents for both your business and personal tax accounts
- Accounts receivable and balance sheets
- Proof of collateral
- Copy of your commercial lease
- Any applicable licenses and registrations for doing business in your state
- Disclosure of other debt
- Any legal contracts (such as franchise, incorporation, leasing)
- Updated business plan with details on your growth and marketing strategies
- Plan for how you will use the loan
Once you’ve gathered all the paperwork you will need, the next step is to fill out the application. Depending on the lender, you may be able to do all or some of this online over the phone, or you may be required to visit a local branch. Filling out the application will likely take some time, but having all your documents at the ready can help simplify the process.When will you get an answer? Million dollar-plus loan applications tend to take longer to process than applications for smaller loans, so it may be weeks before you get a response from the lender and even months before you get an approval.Once you are approved, you’ll need to review the loan agreement. This will outline details on how much you were approved to borrow, your interest rate, and what your monthly payment will be. The final step is to sign the document and wait for the funds to be disbursed.
Alternative Funding Options
If you’re looking for a large infusion of capital but your business or startup doesn’t qualify for million dollar loans, you’re not necessarily out of luck. There are other ways you may be able to get access to a large amount of capital. Here are two options to consider.
An investor, such as a venture capitalist or an angel investor, may be able to provide the high-dollar capital you need for growth. These investors may also be able to connect you with industry contacts and helpful resources that can help you expand or launch your venture. However, an investor will want a slice of the pie in exchange, typically in the form of equity in your business. And because they’re invested in your success, they may want to have a say in decisions you make about the business. You’ll have to consider whether giving up a portion of ownership and control of your business is worth getting access to a large amount of capital.
Though it may be challenging to raise millions through crowdfunding, it can be a viable way to get capital that doesn’t necessarily need to be repaid. There are crowdfunding platforms where you can list a project (such as the launch of a new product line). Anyone who’s interested can contribute to the project. Some types of crowdfunding do need to be repaid, while others just require you to provide a token of appreciation to investors/donors.Crowdfunding might be a good stop-gap between where you are and the millions you need. You can also get feedback on a new product from the market before investing in developing it.
Banks and SBA lenders offer $1 to $5 million loans to small businesses, but they can be tough to get. There are typically pre-set criteria regarding your credit score, annual revenue, and years in business. In addition, you will likely have to put up collateral, provide a detailed plan for how you will use the funds, and supply documentation that supports that your business can operate successfully with an additional large new debt.If you’re interested in finding out how large a loan your small business might qualify for, Lantern by Sofi can help. With our online loan comparison tool, you can quickly receive loan offers from multiple small business lenders with just one application and no obligation.iStock/alvarezThe tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances. SOLC1221018